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中世紀撒哈拉大篷車導航


在中世紀時期,使用駱駝的貿易大篷車穿過撒哈拉和梅格雷布。例如,從馬裏帝國到近東的鹽大篷車。 很長一段時間我都想知道他們如何能夠在沒有指南針的情況下在不起眼的或不斷變換的地形中駕馭這些長距離。 我可以想象在晚上他們可以利用星星來獲得一些影響,但是在白天直接在太陽上方,他們怎麽知道要走哪條路?

最佳答案

這些大篷車用於駕馭沙漠的確切技術似乎是學術界的一些爭論問題。似乎缺乏可靠的歷史證據,因為這些文化在很大程度上口頭傳承了這種導航知識。人類學家和其他學者已經對現代撒哈拉航海家進行了分析,但問題仍然是這些現代人是否使用與歷史相同的技術。

然而,即便如此,似乎有兩個關於這些人如何導航的主要理論。

  • Navigate using the stars: There seems to be some evidence that modern Tuareg people of the Sahara navigate using star formations and astronomical knowledge. While it appears that these people never developed highly sophisticated astronomy, they know/knew enough for basic navigation. See this link for more information on this theory.
  • Navigate using landmarks: However, there is also strong evidence that the same modern Tuareg people primarily use landmarks to navigate, occasionally in conjunction with star-based navigation, but often alone. While this technique would not allow people to navigate over many of the large, shifting-sands regions of the Sahara, most of the Sahara actually has visible rock formations that could be used for this purpose. See this link for more information on this theory.

中世紀航海家也可能使用這兩種技術的某種組合,在可用時使用地標,並且僅在地標不可用時使用他們的基本天文知識。

轉載註明原文: 中世紀撒哈拉大篷車導航

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